The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) has released its dispute resolution statistics for 2019, which demonstrate a busy year for the ICC with a high number of newly registered cases across the world. As per the statistics, last year, the ICC International Court of Arbitration (“ICC Court”) registered 869 new cases, of which 851 cases were under the ICC Rules of Arbitration and 18 cases were under its Appointing Authority rules.
Notable highlights of the 2019 statistics include the increasing popularity of arbitration and the diversity of the nationalities of the parties and the geographical origins and gender of the arbitrators.
The year 2019 holds the second highest number of newly registered cases, behind the record figure of 966 cases in 2016. As of the end of 2019, the ICC Court had recorded 1,694 pending cases and 869 of them were newly registered. Turkey remained the most represented nationality within Central and Eastern Europe with 47 cases, with 24 claimants and 23 respondents from Turkey.
The statistics also show that the ICC arbitration was popular within various sectors. The new cases have a wide range of sectors, divided into more than 20 categories. Construction/engineering (211 cases) and energy (140 cases) disputes generated the largest number of ICC arbitration cases and, as in previous years, they account for approximately 40% of the ICC arbitration caseload.
Speed and effectiveness
In 2019, the ICC Court approved 145 partial awards, 397 final awards and 44 awards
by consent — 586 awards in total. The figure is slightly lower than the record of 599 awards reached in 2018.
Considering that arbitration is a preferred alternative to dispute resolution especially for its speed and effectiveness, another significant statistic to consider is the length of proceedings. The average duration of arbitrations that reached a final award was 26 months, compared to 28 months in 2018.
Inclusion in arbitration
The 2019 statistics show increasing diversity and inclusion in parties and arbitrators in terms of nationality, gender and age.
- Nationality: Parties from 147 countries and independent territories worldwide initiated ICC arbitration in 2019.
A total of 188 parties from 33 African countries represented 7.5% of all parties to ICC arbitration. As in previous years, in 2019, parties from the Americas accounted for roughly 25% of the overall number of parties in ICC arbitration. Approximately 30% of parties in ICC arbitration came from Asia and the Pacific and, as in previous years, European parties represented close to 40% of the total.
The inclusion also applies to the arbitral tribunal. Arbitrators confirmed or appointed in 2019 came from 89 jurisdictions — the highest number of jurisdictions to date. New nationalities represented included Azerbaijan, Botswana, Haiti, Malawi, the Palestinian Authority, and St. Kitts and Nevis.
The arbitrators acting in ICC arbitrations, as in previous years, were mostly British with 258 arbitrators (17.5%), Swiss with 147 arbitrators (10%), French with 116 arbitrators (7.9%), American with 107 arbitrators (7.3%), German with 87 arbitrators (5.9%) and Brazilian with 62 arbitrators (4.2%). There were 11 Turkish arbitrators who served in 2019, two of which were the president of the tribunal.
- Gender: Statistics include gender diversity in the arbitral tribunal. In 2019, there were 312 women arbitrators appointed or confirmed compared to 273 in 2018, with women now representing 21% (18.4% in 2018) of all appointments/confirmations, but there is still a long way to go considering that most of the arbitrators are still appointed/confirmed among male-practitioners.
- Age: Younger arbitrators are making gains. Arbitrators appointed by the ICC Court (directly or following a proposal by an ICC National Committee) were, as in previous years, approximately five years younger (51.5 years).
These statistics, which are published annually, are very significant with regard to monitoring the changes and developments in arbitration and identifying the deficiencies. The statistics demonstrate that the ICC remains a widespread dispute resolution center with a high number of cases and filings from a number of different countries, including Turkey with 47 cases. Although ICC arbitration is popular, the average duration of ICC arbitrations is at least two years according to the statistics, which perhaps could be improved in the upcoming years with the further digitalization of arbitration.
© International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), ICC Dispute Resolution 2019 Statistics are available at here.